landmarks and civic assets, well-designed museums can put unknown towns
on the map, revitalize entire urban areas, ignite discussion about
architecture and draw in tourists from around the world. From iconic and
instantly recognizable contemporary structures like the Guggenheim
Bilbao to subtle modern renovations and promising projects that have not
yet been built, these 12 stunning museums and galleries designed by
some of the world's top architects stand out for their eye-catching
visuals, respect for the landscape and history of their settings and
Centre Pompidou-Metz by Shigeru Ban & Jean de Castines
Jean de Castines and Shigeru Ban teamed up for this stunning expansion
of the Centre Pompidou modern art museum in Paris. With an unusual
form inspired by Chinese hats and bridges, the Centre Pomidou-Metz
features a curving roof made of criss-crossing glue-laminated timber
mesh covered in a waterproof fiberglass and Teflon membrane to preserve
the works of art inside under the best possible conditions. At night
the new facility glows like a lantern, beckoning visitors inside to
view the works of modern visionaries like Vassili Kandinsky and Francis
Denver Art Museum Frederic C. Hamilton Building by Daniel Libeskind
controversial museum design is the Frederic C. Hamilton Building at the
Denver Art Museum, envisioned as an echo of the "craggy cliffs" of the
nearby Rocky Mountains by architect Daniel Libeskind. Sharp geometric
shapes clad in titanium jut out from the earth in this 2006 expansion,
which doubled the size of the museum. But even more so than the dramatic
exterior, it's the unusual interior that drew both criticism and
confusion; the gallery's angled asymmetrical walls hardly seemed fit for
art installations. However, artists have met the challenge head-on with adaptive approaches that exploit the interior architecture's transcendence of typical gallery archetypes.
Glaciarium, Glacier National Park, Argentina
The new iceberg-shaped 'Glaciarium'
in Argentina's Glacier National Park aims to highlight the importance
of the region's glaciers, acting both as a museum that educates visitors
on the role that glaciers play in the environment and as a research
institute that will monitor the 47 glaciers in the park. Despite the
weight of the landscape features that inspired it, the museum sits
lightly upon the earth, built on a steel frame that rests upon the
natural level of the soil.
Groninger Museum, Groningen, Holland
Continuing the trend of modern museums and galleries that are not just housings for art, but works of art themselves, the Groninger Museum
in Holland is an eye-catching collaboration between Alessandro Mendini,
Coop Himmelb(l)au, Michele de Lucchi and Phillipe Starck. From certain
angles, the Groninger resembles a massive geometric ship perched on
the edge of the canal, an aesthetic that reinforces Holland's watery
landscape even as it clashes with the traditional architecture of the
region. Deliberately provocative, the design of the Groninger Museum was
not immediately popular with locals, but it has become an icon of the
city since its completion in 1994.
Neues Museum, Berlin, Germany
(images via: dezeen)
completed in 1849, the Neues Museum of Berlin was nearly destroyed by
bombs in World War II and sat abandoned for decades before restoration
as a cultural landmark. The renovation of the museum, orchestrated by
David Chipperfield Architects, did not erase the wounds but rather
preserved them to stand as visible testimony to the museum's history,
and that of Berlin. The architect set out to contrast the museum's
original refinement with the crumbling brick and bullet holes that
resulted from the war, and added subtle modern elements that provide
visual continuity without taking away from the narrative of the
structure. The renovation won the 2011 Mies van der Rohe Award.
City of Arts and Sciences by Santiago Calatrava
Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava has brought his fluid, soaring
design aesthetic to cities around the world, but perhaps none mean so
much to him as this sprawling museum in his own hometown of Valencia.
Like most of Calatrava's creations, the City of Arts and Sciences is
skeletal and organic but almost alien-looking in its starkness. 'City'
is an apt description for this complex, which includes an opera house,
planetarium, science museum, palace of arts and underwater entertainment
including theaters and restaurants. Occupying a dry riverbed in what
was once an underdeveloped area of town, the City of Arts and Sciences
is now Valencia's top tourist destination, linking the city center to
Imperial War Museum North by Daniel Libeskind
on the banks of the Manchester Ship Canal, Daniel Libeskind's Imperial
War Museum in Manchester, England is based on the globe, "broken into
three fragments to depict the shattering effect of war on the history of
the world." Referred to as 'shards', the three fragments are situated
to signify conflicts that took place on land, water and in the air. The
Air Shard takes you 180 feet into the sky in the open air, looking down
through a steel mesh floor, while the Water Shard overlooks the canal.
The gallery floors in the Earth Shard are curved to replicate the
curvature of the earth.
The Sage Gateshead Music & Art Gallery by Foster + Partners
what was once referred to as a "post-industrial wasteland", The Sage
Gateshead by Foster + Partners cuts a dramatic, glittering silhouette on
the River Tyne in Gateshead, England. The curved glass and steel
building contains a 1,700-seat concert hall, a 400-seat space for
chamber music and a rehearsal room that doubles as a small concert hall
and orchestral recording studio. The Sage is also a center for music
education, offering classes to the public. No detail was spared in the
10-year planning process, which involved musicians and resulted in such
features as 'spongy' concrete to increase acoustics.
Milwaukee Art Museum by Santiago Calatrava
like the skeleton of a great mythical bird over Lake Michigan, the
Burke Brise Soleil is Santiago Calatrava's contribution to the Milwaukee
Art Museum in Wisconsin. Bearing the architect's signature style, the
addition is a movable, wing-like sunscreen perched above the concrete
Quadracci Pavilion, with a wingspan comparable to a Boeing 747-400. It
opens and closes throughout the day, controlling both light and
temperature inside the museum and automatically closing when its
ultrasonic wind sensors detect winds stronger than 23 miles per hour.
The museum is home to over 25,000 works of art.
New Museum for Contemporary Art by SANAA
(images via: dezeen)
staggered and white, resembling nothing so much as a precarious tower
of baker's boxes, the New Museum for Contemporary Art – often referred
to as New Museum on the Bowery – offers, as New York Magazine put it,
"a magically unsentimental intrusion, an antidote to the generic luxury
springing up around it." Designed by Tokyo architects Kazuyo Sejima and
Ryue Nishizawa/SANAA, the nine-level structure is the first fine art
museum ever constructed from the ground up in downtown Manhattan.
Opening in December 2007, the New Museum is a pristine contrast to the
grittiness of the Bowery's reputation (which is changing today, as
gentrification sets in). Clad in a seamless aluminum mesh, the structure
is airy and spacious with lots of natural light yet few distractions
from the world outside.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao by Frank Gehry
no art museum in the world is quite as iconic as the Guggenheim Bilbao,
which single-handedly put a relatively unknown small Spanish city on
the map and stands out as a prime example of bold contemporary
architecture. With a design that is both fluid and geometric, the
light-catching, ship-like structure by famed architect Frank Gehry bears
reflective panels resembling fish scales, reflecting the port town
which serves as its setting and the river Nervión upon which it sits.
National Museum of Qatar by Jean Nouvel
Inspired by desert architecture, the new National Museum of Qatar
by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Jean Nouvel is made up of a series
of interlocking discs which will create pockets of sheltered areas
providing refuge from the harsh sun. The 430,000-square-foot cultural
center, which will also include cafes, shops, offices and research
centers, will be built around the historic Fariq Al Salatah Palace. From
above, the complex resembles a caravanserai, a roadside inn providing
refuge for desert travelers.
یا.نون دیزاین ...Ya.Non Design